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memória do pardal

Four Pests Campaign

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Everyone come and fight sparrows" —
Propaganda poster showing children killing sparrows using a sling shot
The Great sparrow campaign (Chinese: ; pinyin: què Yùndòng) also known as the Kill a sparrow campaign (Chinese: 消灭麻雀运动; pinyin: Xiāomiè què Yùndòng), and officially, the Four Pests campaign was one of the first actions taken in the Great Leap Forward from 1958 to 1962. The four pests to be eliminated were rats, flies, mosquitoes, and sparrows.


At the direction of Chairman Mao,
sparrows were killed by the peasants,
causing a major ecological imbalance in the environment
The campaign was initiated by Mao Zedong, the first President of the People's Republic of China. Sparrows – mainly the Eurasian Tree Sparrow – were included on the list because they ate grain seeds, causing disruption to agriculture. It was decided that all the peasants in China should bang pots and pans and run around to make the sparrows fly away in fear. Sparrow nests were torn down, eggs were broken, and nestlings were killed.
Initially, the campaign did improve the harvest. By April 1960 the National Academy of Science found that sparrows ate insects more than seeds. Mao declared "forget it", and ordered the end of the campaign against sparrows.By this time, however, it was too late. With no sparrows to eat them, locust populations ballooned, swarming the country and compounding the problems already caused by the Great Leap Forward and adverse weather conditions, leading to the Great Chinese Famine in which around 30 million people died of starvation.

Revived campaign

On June 19, 1998, a poster was spotted at Southwest Agricultural University in Chongqing, "Get rid of the Four Pests". Ninety-five percent of households were ordered to get rid of four pests. This time, cockroaches were substituted for sparrows.A similar campaign was spotted in the spring of 1998 in Beijing. This time, people did not respond to either of these campaign style approaches, as they were already fond of killing the said four pests, most especially cockroaches.

3 comentários:

  1. Um momento emblemático da alta modernidade (desculpem) que também serve para provar que a afirmação segundo a qual a História serve para aprendermos com os nossos erros é uma palermice.

  2. toda a razão, Eduardo, ou de como as maiusculas são teclas baixas :D, meu lindo :D

  3. a quem possa interessar:

    o comentário anterior não é meu.


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